It is compulsory that authors prepare their manuscripts according to the instructions/specifications listed below. The length and effectiveness of the peer review process will largely depend upon the care used by authors in preparing their manuscripts. Therefore, authors are strongly encouraged to read these instructions carefully before preparing/submitting a manuscript for publication.

Please read the following instructions carefully and for any questions, please contact

STANDARD PAPERS. Original articles should not exceed 7000 words inclusive of all parts of the paper apart from online Supporting Information. Typescripts should be arranged as follows, with each section starting on a separate page.

Page format: Manuscripts should be prepared as word processing documents on A4, or Letter size paper, leaving a liberal margin (2.5 cm) on all four sides. The manuscript should be typed double-spaced throughout including references and tables. All figures and tables should be in the text and one additional copy given on a separate page.

Fonts: Times New Roman and point size should be 12.

Tables: Tables should be numbered consecutively using Arabic numerals and should be in the text itself and should have an explanatory caption that should be as concise as possible.

Figures and images: The figures and images should be clear, easy to read and of good quality. All the figures/images must be in the text and be numbered with Arabic numerals.

To help in formatting images (including tables and figures) or multimedia files, please submit the paper with additional separate attachments, also apart from in the text.

 The manuscript should be in the following order:

  • Title page
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Introduction
  • Materials and Methods
  • Results and Discussion
  • Conclusion
  • Acknowledgements (if any)
  • References

Title page

The title should be relatively short but informative. If a long title is necessary, please prepare an optional short title.

Name(s) of author(s)

A list of all authors of the paper should be prepared. It should contain full name.

Name and address of workplace(s)

Authors’ affiliations should be indicated in this section. Either endnote or footnote (end note recommended) can be used to present additional information (for example: permanent, adequate postal addresses).

Personal e-mail address(es)

At least one e-mail address is needed. It will be used as the corresponding author’s email address in all contacts with the authors.


This is called the Abstract on the web submission site. The Summary should outline the purpose of the paper and the main results, conclusions and recommendations, using clear, factual, numbered statements. Authors should follow a formula in which point 1 sets the context and need for the work; point 2 indicates the approach and methods used; the next 2-3 points outline the main results; and the last point identifies the wider implications and relevance to management or policy. The final summary point is the most important of all in maximizing the impact of the paper. It should synthesis the paper’s key messages and should be generic, seminal and accessible to non-specialists, and must carry one of the following subheadings:
Synthesis and applications’ for articles that identify recommendations for management practices.
Policy implications’ for articles that are less directly tied to on-the-ground management and include discussion on conservation implications or links to policy.


A list in alphabetical order not exceeding ten words or short phrases, excluding words used in the title and chosen carefully to reflect the precise content of the paper. Up to 5 key terms can be selected.


State the reason for the work, the context, background, aims and the hypotheses being tested. End the Introduction with a brief statement of what has been achieved.

Materials and Methods

Include sufficient details for the work to be repeated. Where specific equipment and materials are named, the manufacturer’s details (name, city and country) should be given so that readers can trace specifications by contacting the manufacturer. Where commercially available software has been used, details of the supplier should be given in brackets or the reference given in full in the reference list. 

Results and Discussion

State the results of experimental or modelling work, drawing attention to important details in tables and figures. The Results section should conform to the highest standards of rigour.


 Point out the importance of the results and place them in the context of previous studies and in relation to the application of the work (expanding on the Synthesis and applications section of the Summary). Include clear recommendations for management or policy.


Information concerning research grant support and the assistance of colleagues or similar notes of appreciation should appear in Acknowledgements section at the end of the paper.


An article in a journal

Author’s Surname Initials. year, Title, journal, volume, issue, page no.

Achhireddy, N. R., Singh, M., Achhireddy, L. L., Nigg, H.N. and Nagy, S. 1985. Isolation and partial characterization of phyto-toxin compounds from Lantana (Lantana camara L.). J. Chem. Ecol. 11:979-988.

A book

Author’s Surname Initials. . Title, Edition, Publisher, Place of publication, Year of publication; page no.

Ashley RL. In Laboratory Diagnosis of Viral Infections, 3rd ed., Marcel Dekker, New York, 1999; pp. 489-513.

A thesis

Author’s Surname Initials. . MSc/PhD/DSc thesis, University (town, country, year of publication). RJ David. PhD thesis, Edinburgh University (Edinburgh, UK, 1998).


Patents: AB Inventor1, CD Inventor, (Holder), Country Code and patent number (registration year).

Article Processing Charges

There is no charge for the processing of paper but author(s) of each accepted paper is required to pay the publication charge which is very nominal fees. International Authors for maximum 4 authors. Before the accepted paper is published we will intimate the fees in the acceptance letter.

Submission Checklist

The following items should be supplied:

      1. Manuscript

      2. Cover letter

      3. Names of potential referees(if any)


We will look forward to the submission of your next manuscripts.